|English Pale Ale|
Pale, clear, hoppy ale with a malty profile and complex flavours. Pale Ale was first brewed in the 1700's, but only became a common beer style at the time of the industrial revolution. This was because pale malt had to dried over expensive coal or coke. Conversely, brown malt was less expensive to process (as it could be smoked over wood) and so Brown Ale became the principal beer style. But with industrialisation and lower coal prices, pale malt became significantly cheaper leading to the 'Pale Ale Revolution'. Burton-upon-Trent in England made this style of beer famous and used a complex 'union' brewing system. The union system allowed beer to foam outside the fermentation tank (where the yeast would settle), before adding the liquid back into the brew. Few breweries employ the Burton Union system today. Despite the name, Pale Ale comes in a wide range of colours, including light copper, golden, amber and light brown. Traditional hops used include Fuggles, Goldings and Northern Brewer.